The following table shows a list of East African countries and capitals, their currencies and population. The area of East Africa has 19 countries and a total of around 420 million inhabitants and is divided in five subregions: the East African Community, the Horn of Africa, Southeast Africa, the Nile Valley and the island nations in the Indian Ocean.
Here is the List of East African Countries and Capitals
|Country Name||Capital||Population in 2019||Currency||East African Subregion|
|Burundi||Gitega||9,823,828||Burundi franc||East African Community|
|Kenya||Nairobi||45,533,000||Kenyan shilling||East African Community|
|Rwanda||Kigali||10,515,973||Rwandan franc||East African Community|
|Tanzania||Dodoma||51,046,000||Tanzanian shilling||East African Community|
|Uganda||Kampala||34,856,813||Ugandan shilling||East African Community|
|Djibouti||Djibouti City||864,618||Djiboutian franc||Horn of Africa|
|Eritrea||Asmara||6,536,000||Eritrean nakfa||Horn of Africa|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||99,391,000||Ethiopian biir||Horn of Africa|
|Somalia||Mogadishu||12,316,895||Somali shilling||Horn of Africa|
|Comoros||Moroni||806,200||Comorian franc||Indian Ocean|
|Madagascar||Antananarivo||22,434,363||Malagasy ariary||Indian Ocean|
|Mauritius||Port Louis||1,261,208||Mauritian rupee||Indian Ocean|
|Seychelles||Victoria||90,945||Seychellois rupee||Indian Ocean|
|South Sudan||Juba||8,260,490||South Sudanese pound||Nile Valley|
|Sudan||Khartoum||40,235,000||Sudanese poung||Nile Valley|
|Malawi||Lilongwe||16,832,900||Malawian kwacha||Southeast Africa|
|Mozambique||Maputo||28,013,000||Mozambican metical||Southeast Africa|
|Zambia||Lusaka||15,473,905||Zambian kwacha||Southeast Africa|
|Zimbabwe||Harare||13,061,239||RTGS Dollar||Southeast Africa|
Since there are several definitions of the region, the question how many countries are in East Africa is not easily answered. According to our definition, East Africa has 19 countries. The five countries Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi are the countries of the East African Community. The subregion of Southeastern Africa consists of Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique. On the Horn of Africa, there are also four countries: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. Sudan and South Sudan in the Nile Valley are also considered countries in East Africa. In addition to the countries on the mainland, there are four island nations in East Africa: Comoros, Madagascar, Seychelles and Mauritius.
East African Countries Map
Below, you can find a map of East African countries.
The East African Community countries Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania and Burundi are shown in plain color. The countries of Southeastern Africa Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique are shown with black stripes. Sudan and South Sudan in the Nile Valley are shown with diagonal stripes. The four countries on the Horn of Africa are shown with a crosshatch. The African island countries in the Indian Ocean have a dotted pattern.
Click here for a list of all African countries and their capitals in alphabetical order. And here for a list of all countries in West Africa and their capitals.
In our past travels, we’ve visited several countries in East Africa already. Read our guides on the exciting Danakil Depression in northern Ethiopia with a visit to one of the largest lava lakes in the world or about our experiences in Djibouti.
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